20 Ways to Prevent Domestic Violence and Save Lives

Domestic Violence And Abuse

Domestic Violence: A Global Issue

Domestic violence is a problem that affects millions of people around the world. It can happen to anyone, regardless of their gender, age, or ethnicity.

Understanding Domestic Violence

Domestic violence is a term used to describe different forms of abuse that occur within a relationship, including physical, sexual, financial, and psychological/emotional abuse.

Types of Domestic Violence

  • Physical Abuse

    Physical abuse is perhaps the most well-known type of domestic violence. It occurs when one partner uses physical force to gain control or assert their dominance over the other. This includes hitting, kicking, slapping, and any other form of violence that causes bodily harm.

  • Sexual Abuse

    Sexual abuse is when one partner uses sex to control or manipulate the other. This includes rape, unwanted sexual advances, and forcing someone to engage in sexual acts against their will.

  • Financial Abuse

    Financial abuse occurs when one partner controls the other’s access to money or resources, preventing them from being financially independent.

  • Psychological/Emotional Abuse

    Psychological/emotional abuse is perhaps the most insidious type of domestic violence. It involves using words, gestures, and actions to control or manipulate the other person’s emotions. This includes verbal abuse, threats, isolation, and gaslighting.

Who Is Affected by Domestic Violence?

It’s important to recognize that domestic violence affects people in different ways, depending on their ethnicity, age, gender, religious beliefs, and sexual orientation. Women are more likely than men to experience domestic violence, with one in three women being affected by it during their lifetime.

However, domestic violence also affects men, with one in four men experiencing it at some point in their lives. The LGBTQ+ community and people of color also face higher rates of domestic violence.

Preventing Domestic Violence

So, how can we prevent domestic violence? There are several ways, including:

  1. Education

    Education is essential if we are to prevent domestic violence. This includes teaching people how to recognize the early signs of abuse, knowing how to respond to it, and how to seek help when needed.

  2. Legal Measures

    Legal measures such as sanctions and rehabilitation programs can help perpetrators of domestic violence understand the consequences of their actions and work towards changing their behavior.

  3. Practicing Tolerance

    Maturity, tolerance for others’ opinions, and understanding children’s point of view can help diffuse tension in households that may lead to domestic violence.

  4. Consent

    Understanding and practicing the concept of consent in sexual relationships can prevent sexual abuse from happening.

  5. Respect for Religious Teachings

    Religious teachings and exhortations may be important aspects of some people’s lives. Respect for these teachings, balanced with healthy dialogue, can help individuals navigate complex situations.

  6. Promoting Gender Equality

    WHO identifies gender inequality as one of the root causes of both violence against women and their inability to access health and justice services. Promoting gender equality will encourage a non-violent society that recognizes the worth of all genders and protects against violence.

  7. Dialogue

    Communication and dialogue are crucial in preventing domestic violence. Healthy dialogue establishes a relationship that conflict can be resolved through peaceful means.

  8. Professional Help

    Health, legal, and psychological advice can help victims of domestic violence overcome their trauma and build a new, safe life.

  9. Productive Activity

    Unemployment and frustration can be two of many triggering factors of domestic violence. The availability of productive activities that provide income and relieve the tension of possible boredom can help.

  10. Avoid Bad Company

    Peers influence can potentially have a negative impact on an individual’s behavior toward family members or create an environment that fosters domestic violence exploits.

  11. Join Groups Against Domestic Violence

    Abused women, abused men, and prevention tip groups are available for individuals who need assistance in navigating situations of domestic violence.

  12. Physical Exercise

    Physical activities can be an outlet for pent-up stress and aggression, relieving tensions and providing a means for healthy physical expression.

  13. Being a Problem Solver

    Human resource management and interpersonal relationships can help identify conflict before a situation gets out of hand. Seeking fair solutions can be beneficial to all parties involved.

  14. Strict but Not Violent

    Setting rules and boundaries is important in any relationship. However, maintaining these in a non-violent manner can be the challenge. Respecting each other’s views, emotions, and opinions may be established while maintaining a civilized and healthy environment.

  15. Show Love and Affection

    Genuine affection and love for one another is a cornerstone of healthy relationships. Appreciating each other’s strengths and weaknesses and conquering challenges together can be the key to building a long-lasting, loving relationship.

  16. Avoid Infidelity

    Sexual jealousy and infidelity can be another trigger for domestic violence. Faithfulness and being open and honest with one another can help build a healthy sexual relationship.

  17. Shun Music and Movies that Promote Sexual Violence

    Music, movies, or materials that promote sexual violence and gender hatred may be a source of influence for some individuals. Keeping these materials out of reach may reduce the chance of verbal and sexual abuse.

  18. Adopt Rules and Home Dispute Resolution Mechanisms

    Establishing simple rules such as daily routines adds structure to the household. Punitive measures do not have to be excessive but can be an agreement mutually accepted as consequences of violating household rules.

  19. Talk to Family Members, Trusted Friends, Colleagues, and Relatives

    If you’re experiencing domestic violence, it’s essential to reach out to others for help. Confiding in trusted support systems can be a lifeline in difficult situations.

  20. Walk Away if It’s Not Working

    In some cases, the relationship may not be able to be saved. Incompatibility and other factors may cause irreconcilable differences. It’s essential to know when to walk away from a potentially harmful situation and move on to a new, safer beginning.

Domestic Violence During the COVID-19 Pandemic

In recent years, the issue of domestic violence has received greater attention from the public and policymakers. However, amid the coronavirus pandemic, the issue has become even more urgent. Globally, cases of domestic abuse and violence have risen significantly during periods of lockdown and quarantine measures.

Reasons for the Rise

The United Nations has called for urgent action to reduce domestic violence in all its forms. One reason for the rise in domestic violence during the pandemic is due to the increased stress and isolation that many people are facing.

With the closure of businesses, schools, and other public institutions, people are spending more time at home with their families and partners. For some, this has led to increased tension and conflict, which can escalate into violence.

Additionally, the economic fallout of the pandemic has left many people without work or struggling to make ends meet, adding further stress to an already difficult situation.

Addressing Domestic Violence During and After the Pandemic

The UN has highlighted the importance of addressing domestic violence during the pandemic and beyond. While many countries have taken steps to address this issue, it remains a pervasive problem that requires sustained attention and action. Some key strategies that can help reduce domestic violence include:

  1. Increasing Access to Services and Support

    Victims of domestic violence need access to services and support that can help them escape abusive situations and rebuild their lives. This includes shelters, legal services, and counseling.

  2. Prevention Efforts

    Addressing the root causes of domestic violence is key to prevent it from occurring in the first place. This includes addressing gender inequality, promoting healthy relationships, and providing education and training on how to recognize and respond to domestic violence.

  3. Strengthening Laws and Policies

    Laws and policies can help protect victims of domestic violence and hold perpetrators accountable. This includes strengthening laws against domestic violence, ensuring that legal systems are responsive to the needs of victims, and providing training to law enforcement and other professionals on how to recognize and respond to domestic violence.

  4. Addressing the Economic Root Causes of Domestic Violence

    Many factors contribute to domestic violence, including economic insecurity. Addressing the root causes of poverty and inequality can help reduce the likelihood of domestic violence occurring.

  5. Building Partnerships and Collaborations

    Domestic violence is a complex issue that requires a multifaceted approach. Building partnerships and collaborations between government agencies, non-profits, and community organizations can help leverage resources and expertise to address this issue more effectively.

  6. Providing Resources and Training to Healthcare Professionals

    Healthcare professionals often play a critical role in identifying and responding to domestic violence. Providing resources and training to healthcare professionals can help increase their capacity to recognize and respond to domestic violence, potentially leading to better outcomes for victims.


The coronavirus pandemic has highlighted the urgent need to address domestic violence in all its forms. While progress has been made in recent years, there is still much work to be done to reduce the prevalence of this issue and provide support to victims. By taking a comprehensive and strategic approach to domestic violence prevention, we can work towards a safer and more just society for all.

In summary, domestic violence is a pervasive issue that affects millions of people worldwide. It takes many forms, including physical, sexual, financial, and psychological abuse, and can affect anyone, regardless of their age, gender, ethnicity, or sexual orientation.

While progress has been made in recent years to address domestic violence, it remains an urgent issue, particularly during the coronavirus pandemic, which has led to a rise in domestic abuse and violence. To prevent domestic violence, we need to increase access to services and support, address the root causes of violence, strengthen laws and policies, and build partnerships and collaborations.

By taking a comprehensive and strategic approach to domestic violence prevention, we can work towards a safer and more just society for all.

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