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Navigating Narcissism: Traits Characteristics and Manipulative Phrases

Understanding Narcissism: Traits, Characteristics, and DSM-5 Criteria

Have you ever come across someone who always talks about their achievements, takes credit for everything, and makes you feel like youre not good enough? If so, you might have encountered a narcissist.

Narcissism is a personality trait characterized by excessive self-love, self-importance, and a need for admiration. This article will delve deeper into the world of narcissism, discussing narcissistic traits, the characteristics of narcissists, and the DSM-5 criteria for Narcissistic Personality Disorder.

What is Narcissism? Narcissism is a personality trait that is characterized by an excessive sense of self-importance, a constant need for admiration, and a lack of empathy towards others.

Narcissists are prone to grandiose fantasies, self-centeredness, and a sense of entitlement. They can be manipulative, charming, and even charismatic but this is usually a faade covering up their inner insecurities.

Some of the key traits of narcissism include pride, self-centeredness, and manipulation. Narcissists have an inflated sense of self-worth, believing that they are better than others and that they deserve special treatment.

Characteristics of Narcissists

Narcissists have several personality traits that make them distinct from others. They can be charismatic, charming, and persuasive – but only to serve their own end goals.

Here are some of their key characteristics worth noting:

Self-Importance – Narcissists often view themselves as superior to others, believing that they are special and uniquely gifted. They can sometimes be obsessed with their physical appearance and accomplishments, constantly seeking validation.

Low Self-Esteem – Surprisingly, many narcissists suffer from underlying insecurities about themselves that they are often trying to hide. They commonly lack self-confidence and self-respect, leading them to inflate their sense of self-worth to compensate.

Emotional Abuse – Narcissists’ grandiosity often leads to them belittling, controlling, and emotionally manipulating those around them. They may be quick to anger, lash out at others, or steamroll people, all while trying to remain in control.

Charisma – Narcissists can be very charming and persuasive, often appearing confident and likeable on first impressions. This charm, however, dissolves away when they need to assert their dominance or control over a situation or person.

DSM-5 Criteria for Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is a mental health condition that can cause significant emotional and social impacts on both the individual affected by NPD and their loved ones. The DSM-5 acknowledges several specific criteria for diagnosing NPD, including:

– Grandiosity and Preoccupation with Fantasies: A high opinion of oneself combined with fantasy-driven daydreams of success and admiration.

– Need for Admiration and Entitlement: An excessive demand for respect, attention, or admiration, which they consider to be a given privilege rather than earned. – Lack of Empathy: Not being able to connect emotionally with others, understand how others feel, or relate to other peoples’ concerns.

– Envy and Arrogance: Highly competitive, often begrudging others’ success while insisting that they are superior to others.

Signs of Narcissistic Abuse

Narcissistic abuse can affect anyone and can take many forms. It often targets those closest to the abuser, such as partners, family members, or friends.

Here are some signs of narcissistic abuse to be aware of:

Gaslighting – A manipulative tactic in which the abuser tries to discredit or invalidate the victim’s feelings, memories, or perceptions, usually by trivializing or denying facts that the victim recognizes as true. Blame-Shifting – A form of manipulation in which the abuser shifts responsibility for their negative behaviors or feelings onto the victim.

Impact on Self-Esteem – Narcissistic abuse can be harmful to the victim’s self-esteem, causing them to question their worth or feel like they are always walking on eggshells around the narcissist. It can lead to a “death of self-esteem” as the victim feels like they are disappearing into the other person’s world.


Narcissism is a challenging and often toxic personality trait. It can be hard to identify and even harder to live with.

Understanding the key characteristics of narcissists and the DSM-5 criteria for NPD help us become more aware of the condition and how it can impact others. If you or someone you know is struggling with narcissistic abuse, know that you are not alone, and there is help available to overcome these challenges.

Manipulative Phrases Used by Narcissists: “You’re Too Sensitive” and “You’re Crazy”

Narcissists are known for their ability to manipulate others, especially those closest to them. They often use language to control and manipulate their victims, leaving them feeling uncertain, confused, and emotionally drained.

In this article, we will explore two manipulative phrases used by narcissists: “You’re too sensitive” and “You’re crazy,” examining how they work and how to identify them. “You’re Too Sensitive”

One common phrase used by narcissists is “You’re too sensitive”.

The purpose of the phrase is to trivialize or deny the victim’s feelings and emotions. This phrase can make the victim feel like their emotions are invalid, setting an unrealistic expectation of what is reasonable.

The narcissist is projecting their insensitivity onto the victim in order to disarm them and prevent them from calling out their bad behavior. In many cases, the phrase you’re too sensitive is used as a shield to project blame onto the victim.

If the victim points out that the narcissist’s words or actions are hurtful or inappropriate, the narcissist will use this phrase to diffuse the situation and pretend that the person is overreacting. The phrase is a way for narcissists to deny any responsibility they may have for their actions and to shift the blame onto the victim.

If you hear this phrase, it’s essential to keep in mind that it’s the narcissist’s way of deflecting and trying to discredit your feelings or emotions. You should trust your own judgment and intuition, and not let someone else tell you how you should feel or react to a situation.

Remember to stand up for yourself and what you believe is right, regardless of what the narcissist may say. “You’re Crazy”

Another manipulative phrase often used by narcissists is “You’re crazy.” This phrase is a form of gaslighting, a tactic used by narcissists to manipulate and control their victims by making them doubt their own reality.

When a victim hears this phrase, it makes them question their own sanity and wonder whether their thoughts, feelings, and perceptions align with that of the narcissist’s. In short, the aim of the narcissist is to undermine the victim’s sense of self and introduce confusion about what is true and what is not.

Gaslighting can cause significant harm to a victim’s self-esteem, creating feelings of self-doubt or confusion about one’s perspective. When a narcissist repeatedly uses phrases like “You’re crazy,” it can create a sense of paranoia and instability in the victim.

If someone calls you “crazy”, you should remind yourself that it’s a manipulative tactic used to make you doubt your reality. Trust your own perceptions and ask yourself if the situation is making you feel uncomfortable.

Talking to a trusted friend or therapist can help you gain a better perspective and regain your confidence.


In conclusion, narcissists use manipulative phrases to maintain control over their victims. The phrases “You’re too sensitive” and “You’re crazy” are common ones used by narcissists to trivialize, discredit and invalidate a victim’s feelings, leaving them feeling powerless and confused.

Understanding these phrases can help you identify manipulative behavior and feel more confident about your own emotions and thoughts. Remember to trust your instincts and stand up for yourself in these situations.

If you are struggling to deal with a narcissist’s manipulative behavior, you don’t have to deal with it alone; there are resources and support available that can help you regain your sense of self and improve your mental health. In conclusion, understanding narcissism and the tactics used by narcissists is crucial to protecting yourself and maintaining healthy relationships.

We have explored various aspects of narcissism, including its definition, traits, characteristics, and the DSM-5 criteria for NPD. We have also looked at two manipulative phrases used by narcissists: “You’re too sensitive” and “You’re crazy.” Recognizing these tactics is essential for maintaining one’s mental health, self-esteem, and well-being.

Remember that if you are struggling with narcissistic abuse, there are resources and support available to help you overcome these challenges and regain your power and sense of self. It’s important to stand up for yourself, trust your instincts, and surround yourself with supportive people who will help you on your journey to healing.

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