The Mating Grounds

Unlocking the Sacred Meaning: The 7 Vows of a Hindu Wedding

Are you getting ready for your Hindu wedding and curious about the significance of the seven vows? Or perhaps you’re simply interested in learning more about Hindu marriage customs and rituals?

Either way, you’ve come to the right place!

In this article, we’ll explore the importance and meaning of the seven vows that are an integral part of a Hindu wedding ceremony. We’ll break down each vow in detail, covering everything from the journeying together to the true companionship and loyalty.

So let’s dive in and discover what makes these vows so sacred and unbreakable!

Hindu Wedding Vows: The Importance and Significance of the Seven Vows

The seven vows, also known as the Saptapadi, are considered one of the most essential aspects of a Hindu marriage. These vows are symbolic promises that the bride and groom make to each other and to the gods to love, respect, support, and cherish each other for life.

The vows are taken in front of the sacred fire, or Agni, which represents the divine witness to the union. The seven rounds around the fire signify the seven promises that the couple makes to each other:


The first vow: Journeying together

The first vow is an expression of gratitude and respect for the journey they are about to embark upon together. The couple promises to share the journey of life with each other, supporting and caring for each other through all of life’s ups and downs.

2. The second vow: Respect for parents

The second vow acknowledges the role that parents have played in shaping the couple’s lives.

The bride and groom promise to honor and respect their parents, seek their blessings, and carry forward their traditions and values. 3.

The third vow: Following each other through all stages of life

In the third vow, the couple promises to support each other in all stages of life- from childhood to old age. They vow to build a life of wealth and spiritual fulfillment together and to always act in righteousness.

4. The fourth vow: Fulfilling family needs

The fourth vow acknowledges the importance of family life.

The couple promises to work together to fulfill each other’s emotional and physical needs, to build knowledge, to love and trust each other, and live a joyous life. 5.

The fifth vow: Mutual cooperation in household chores

In the fifth vow, the couple promises to share the responsibilities of married life while taking care of the children and the household. They vow to follow the Holy Spirit’s blessings and to raise virtuous and heroic children.

6. The sixth vow: Self-restraint and longevity

In the sixth vow, the couple promises to respect and protect each other and avoid indulging in vice and indulgences.

The vow symbolizes the importance of balance and self-restraint in a life. 7.

The seventh vow: True companionship and loyalty

The seventh vow represents the most crucial aspect of a Hindu marriage- true companionship and loyalty. The couple promises to be lifelong partners, understanding each other’s needs, and respecting each other’s decisions.

They vow to act in unity, encouraging peace, and remaining faithful and loyal to each other until the end of time.

The Seven Vows in Detail

Now that we’ve covered the importance and significance of each vow, let’s dive into the finer details of each of the seven vows. First Phera: Journeying together

In the first vow, the couple walks together, creating a circle around the fire.

They promise to be each other’s lifelong partners, supporting one another in all situations. This vow signifies that the couple will be grateful to each other for the love and care they share, and they will strive together to achieve their goals.

Second Phera: Respect for Parents

The second vow involves the bride and groom acknowledging the role their parents have played in their lives, guiding them, and preparing them for married life. The couple promises to respect and care for their parents as they age, treating them with reverence as the embodiment of God.

Third Phera: Following each other through all stages of life

In the third vow, the couple promises to be one in mind, body, and soul, sharing a common vision and purpose in life. They pledge to achieve wealth and happiness, guided by ethics and principles of dharma.

The couple promises to live a righteous life, following the path of righteousness even in the face of adversity. Fourth Phera: Fulfilling family needs

The fourth vow symbolizes the couple’s commitment to keeping each other fulfilled and happy.

They promise to walk hand in hand with their spouse through all obstacles and challenges and to have mutual respect for each other. They vow to create a life filled with love, trust, harmony, and stability.

Fifth Phera: Mutual cooperation in household chores

The fifth vow represents the couple’s shared commitment to raise virtuous and heroic children while living in a house filled with mutual affection and support. They vow to work together to fulfill a happy and prosperous life.

The couple promises to share household tasks and understand each other’s needs. Sixth Phera: Self-restraint and longevity

The sixth vow reflects the importance of mutual respect, self-restraint in life, and avoiding gambling, and other vices.

The couple vows to live a life of spiritual and material balance, embodying the importance of these virtues in a long and wholesome life. Seventh Phera: True companionship and loyalty

The last vow is the most crucial of all.

The couple pledges that their union is more than a marriage, that it represents a spiritual bond between two souls. The couple promises to respect one another’s needs and always remain loyal companions through any and all obstacles that lie ahead.

Their commitment is eternal.



The seven vows of a Hindu wedding are integral to the entire marriage ceremony, representing the couple’s commitment to shared growth, respect, loyalty, and companionship. These vows embody the traditions and customs of Hindu religion, and with their deep and profound meaning, reflect the core values of community and culture.

Whether you are a Hindu couple or simply taking an interest in the rituals and customs, the seven vows provide a valuable insight into the meaning of true love, respect, and companionship. Remember, the seven vows are not mere promises.

Instead, they represent the essence of marriage; the bond between two souls united eternally in spiritual growth, mutual respect, and love. Hindu Wedding Vows as Promises of Love: The Similarities and Variations of the Vows in Every Marriage

The seven vows of a Hindu wedding may essentially be the same, but the way they are carried out depends on the customs and traditions of each family.

There may be variations in the context or wording of the vows, but the essential themes remain the same: love, respect, commitment, and companionship. One of the reasons the vows may differ is that Hinduism is not centralized, and there is no governing authority to prescribe how the ceremonies should be conducted.

Hence, customs and traditions may vary geographically, culturally, or religiously. For instance, some Hindu communities may replace the exchange of rings with the tying of sacred cords, indicating the union of two souls.

Despite these variations, the crucial element of the seven vows is the same – the themes of love, commitment, and loyalty. Regardless of the precise manner in which the vows are exchanged, they represent an unbreakable promise made before the universe and the gods.

Significance and Sacredness of Marriage Vows

In Hinduism, a marriage is more than just a covenant between two people but represents a partnership between two families. The wedding vows are taken not only to honor each other, but also to the families, the society, and the universe as a whole.

The vows signify the peaceful and harmonious intentions of the couple and their shared commitment to spiritual growth and the well-being of their family and society. These sacred promises are made before the Agni, the sacred fire, representing the gods as the witnesses to the union.

The promises thus made by the couple to each other and the universe are believed to have cosmic and profound significance, connecting the couple through their shared consciousness, love, and spirituality. The seven vows symbolize the spiritual and societal values of Hinduism and emphasize the importance of living a life of righteousness, respect, and loyalty.

Moreover, Hindu marriage vows represent a divine union between two souls, the coming together of two people to become one for life. The exchange of vows signifies the sharing of one’s soul in the universe, represented through the Agni and the blessing of the gods.

The vows reflect the couple’s shared desire to continue on their spiritual path together and the pursuit of shared goals and values. For couples who value spiritual growth, respect, and companionship at the very core of their union, the Hindu marriage vows represent an opportunity to honor those values.

The exchange of vows signifies their shared commitment to the well-being of their union, their families, and society as a whole.


The exchange of vows in a Hindu wedding is much more than just promises made to the spouse. These vows represent an agreement between two souls, two families, and all living beings.

The exchange of vows seeks to reinforce the spiritual values of Hinduism, emphasizing the importance of respect, compassion, and companionship in a marital union. The seven vows of a Hindu wedding are the embodiment of a shared vision between two people, encapsulating the commitment of the couple towards their partner and society.

These promises are not mere words but represent the deep and sacred essence of a Hindu marriage, a covenant for life, and a pledge to a lifelong spiritual journey together. In conclusion, the seven vows of a Hindu wedding represent an unbreakable promise between two people, two families, and the universe.

The exchange of vows symbolizes the spiritual and societal values of Hinduism, emphasizing the importance of respect, compassion, and companionship in a marital union. Despite variations in customs and traditions, the significance and sacredness of the vows remain the same.

The promises made during the wedding ceremony are cosmic and profound, connecting the couple through their shared consciousness, love, and spirituality. Ultimately, these vows represent a lifetime commitment to shared growth, respect, and companionship, and remind us of the beauty and sanctity of Hindu marriage.

Popular Posts